Jointers and planers are both extremely important tools in a woodworker’s toolbox, but if you are new to them and figuring out which tool fits your needs, this article might be the one for you.
Keep reading for a simple debate of jointers vs. planers, which might help you differentiate between both these tools.
What is a Jointer and What is a Planer?
A jointer is a woodworking tool used to create smooth, flat surfaces on boards. A planer is a woodworking tool used to create evenly-thickened surfaces on boards.
Jointers are typically used before sending boards through a planer. This ensures that the board will be an even thickness throughout its entirety.
Planers are also used to trim boards down to their finished thickness. Jointers and planers can be used on both softwoods and hardwoods.
The Difference between Jointers and Planers
There are two main types of woodworking machines – jointers and planers. Jointers are used to create smooth, flat surfaces on boards, while planers are used to thickness boards.
Both types of machines are essential in any woodworking shop. Here’s a look at the key differences between jointers and planers:
- Jointers create smooth, flat surfaces on boards
This is done by running the board over a series of rotating cutter blades. The blades remove small amounts of wood from the surface of the board, leaving a smooth, level surface.
- Planers add thickness to boards
This is done by running the board through a set of cutting knives that remove small amounts of wood from the top and bottom of the board. This leaves the board with a consistent thickness.
· Jointers are typically used before planers
This is because it’s easier to create a smooth, level surface on a board before thickening it.
· Planers are typically used after jointers
This is because it’s easier to thickness a board that has a smooth, level surface.
· Jointers and planers can both be used to create edge profiles on boards
This is done by running the board over a set of cutter blades or knives that are shaped to create the desired edge profile.
When to Use a Jointer vs When to Use a Planer
There are a few key situations where using a jointer will be preferable to using a planer and vice versa. Here are some general guidelines to help you decide which tool is best for your project:
- If you need to remove large amounts of material quickly, a jointer is the better choice. It can take off more material in a single pass than a planer.
- If you need to create a perfectly flat surface, a jointer is the better choice. A planer can only create a surface that is as flat as the original surface.
- If you need to create a smooth surface, a planer is the better choice. A jointer can create a smooth surface, but it will take more time and effort.
- If you need to create a surface that is perfectly square, a jointer is the better choice. A planer can create a square surface, but it will take more time and effort.
- If you need to create a surface that is perfectly straight, a jointer is the better choice. A planer can create a straight surface, but it will take more time and effort.
In general, if you need to remove large amounts of material quickly or create a perfectly flat, square, or straight surface, a jointer is the better tool for the job. If you need to create a smooth surface, a planer is the better choice.
Which Tool is Best for Your Project?
A jointer is a woodworking tool used to create flat, smooth surfaces on wood. A planer is a woodworking tool used to create accurate, precise cuts in wood.
So, which tool is best for your project?
There are a few things to consider when deciding between a jointer and a planer. The first is the type of project you’re working on.
If you’re working on something that requires precise, accurate cuts, then a planer is the better option. However, if you’re just looking to create a flat, smooth surface, then a jointer will do the job just fine.
Another thing to consider is the size of your project. A planer can handle larger projects than a jointer because it has a longer bed. This means that you can make longer cuts without having to stop and reposition the tool.
However, a jointer is still a perfectly viable option for smaller projects.
Finally, you’ll need to consider the cost of each tool. A jointer is typically cheaper than a planer, but it really depends on the brand and model you choose.
Planers also require more maintenance than jointers, so that’s something to keep in mind as well.
In the end, the best tool for your project will depend on a variety of factors. Consider the type of project you’re working on, the size of your project and the cost of each tool before making your final decision.
Tips and Tricks for Using Jointers and Planers
Whether you’re a seasoned woodworker or just getting started, jointers and planers can be invaluable tools for creating smooth, even surfaces on your lumber.
If you’ve never used one before, the process can seem a bit daunting. Here are a few tips and tricks to help you get the most out of your jointers and planers:
- Always use a sharp blade. A dull blade will create a rough surface on your lumber, and can also damage your tools.
- When feeding lumber into a jointer or planer, always use even, consistent pressure. Pushing too hard can damage the blades, while not pushing hard enough can cause the lumber to bind.
- Be sure to clean out the chips and debris from your jointers and planers after each use. A build-up of sawdust can damage the blades and other components.
Following these tips will help you get the most out of your jointers and planers, and ensure that your woodworking projects turn out looking their best.
So here it is: a few key differences between jointers and planners, and some simple tips and tricks on using both these tools effectively.
If you have any more questions, or want to learn more about different tools, keep reading our blog!